A Comprehensive Scheme for Prevention of trafficking and Rescue, Rehabilitation and Re-integration of Victims of Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation
Trafficking of women and children for commercial sexual exploitation is an organized crime that violates basic human rights. India has emerged as a source, destination and transit for both in country and cross border trafficking. The problem of trafficking of women and children for commercial sexual exploitation is especially challenging due to its myriad complexities and variation, Poverty, low status of women, lack of a protective environment etc. are some of the causes for trafficking.
A multi sectoral approach is needed which will undertake preventive measures to arrest trafficking especially in vulnerable areas and sections of population and to enable rescue, rehabilitation and re-integration of the trafficked victims.
Keeping the above issues and gaps in mind the Ministry has formulated a Central Scheme “Comprehensive Scheme for Prevention of Trafficking for Rescue, Rehabilitation and Reintegration of Victims of Trafficking for Commercial Sexual Exploitation-Ujjawala”. The new scheme has been conceived primarily for the purpose of preventing trafficking on the one hand and rescue and rehabilitation of victims on the other.
Objective of the scheme
To prevent trafficking of women and children for commercial sexual exploitation through
Social mobilization and involvement of local communities, awareness generation program’s, generate public discourse through workshops/ seminars and such events and any other innovative activity.
To facilitate rescue of victims from the place of their exploitation and place them in safe custody.
To provide rehabilitation services both immediate and long term to the victims by providing basic amenities/needs such as shelter, food, clothing, medical treatment including counseling, legal aid and guidance and vocational training.
To facilitate reintegration of the victims into the family and society at large
To facilitate repatriation of cross-border victims to their country of origin.
Target Group/ Beneficiaries
Women and children who are vulnerable to trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation.
Women and children who are victims of trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation.
Components of the Scheme
People’s Forum has been running a Ujjawala home since 2009 in the district of Khorda for rescuing the victims from the place of their exploitation and relocating them to a safe custody. The project targets one of the most vulnerable sections of the society who have been trafficked for commercial sexual or domestic work. Social mobilization and other awareness initiatives are taken up for creating awareness at various levels.
The home has supported 153 inmates since its inception, of which 85 number of women had been rehabilitated with their families. The current strength of the home is 55. The women are provided various trainings to help them become economically independent in the days to come. Currently they are being provided training on Bamboo craft and tailoring.